Born in Danzig, Germany, Avenary attended the universities of Leipzig, Munich, Frankfurt, and Koenigsberg (Kaliningrad), and received his PhD from Koenigsberg University. In 1936 he immigrated to Palestine, and served in the Israeli Air Force (1948-1965). In 1972 Avenary began teaching at Tel-Aviv University's Department of Musicology and was a member of the Jewish Music Research Centere. He published many books and articles that deal with the history of Jewish music from the Middle Ages until the 19th century, and was the founding editor of the musicological journal Orbis Musicae. Avenary received the Israel Prize for music research in 1994.
Source: Encyclopedia Judaica.