Born in Jan. 1898 in Teschen, Czechoslovakia, Ullmann studied in Vienna; in 1918-19, he was a pupil of Arnold Schoenberg. From 1920-27 he served as conducting assistant to Alexander Zemlinsky in Prague, and also worked as free-lance composer and teacher. He continued as a composer and a music critic in Theresienstadt, where he had been deported in 1942. In Oct. 1944 Ullmann was sent to his death in Auschwitz.
Betty Olivero is a contemporary Israeli composer, who has lived during most of her career in Florence, Italy. She is a full professor of composition at the Music Department in Bar-Ilan University.
Betty Olivero is a winner of the most prestigious Emet Prize for Art, Science and Culture (2015), an Israeli prize awarded annually for excellence in academic and professional achievements that have far-reaching influence and make a significant contribution to society.
Hungarian-born liturgical scholar, composer and cantor
Max Wohlberg was born in Humene (today in Ukraine). He immigrated to the U.S. in 1923, where he sang in the choir of the Metropolitan Opera and held several positions as cantor. From 1952 he was professor of liturgy at the Cantors' School of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York (now the H. L. Miller Cantorial School). As a composer, Wholberg mainly wrote modern melodies to liturgical texts.
Born in Hadera, Israel, where he performed as a cantor from a young age. He composed, orchestrated, and arranged many works for cantor and choir. One of Sobol's main projects was the establishment of the Yuval Ensemble for cantorate and Jewish music, where he served as musical director and conductor.
Born in Heidelberg, Germany, Salmon studied composition with Richard Strauss at the Berlin Academy of the Arts, and later worked as a repetiteur at the Berlin Staatsoper, singer at the Hamburg Opera, and conductor in Baden. He immigrated to Palestine in 1933, and was the first musical director of the Palestine Broadcasting Service (later Kol Israel), from 1936-1958, later becoming the director of Kol Israel's transcription-exchange service until 1962. Salmon also taught at the Jerusalem Academy of Music and Dance.
Alexander Olshanetsky was born in Odessa, Ukraine. He played with the Odessa Opera orchestra and toured Russia and Siberia, and later was the choral director for a Russian operetta company. He stayed in Kharbin (today in China), and conducted a Yiddish theater group there. In 1922, Olshanetsky immigrated to the U.S. and worked as a composer and conductor for the Yiddish theater. From 1925 and until his death, Olshanetsky was one of the most prominent composers and conductors of the "Second Avenue" milieu.