Johanna L. Spector

American Ethnomusicologist

Born in Libau, Latvia. During WWII she was imprisoned in various concentration camps, and in 1947 immigrated to the United States. Spector collected many recordings of different Jewish musical cultures, including music from Iraqi, Persian, Yemenite, and Indian cultures. She documented these cultures on camera and on film, producing several documentaries, and she published many articles concerning these cultures. Spector also assembled a collection of musical instruments from across the Middle East.


Edith (Esther) Gerson Kiwi


Edith Gerson-Kiwi was born in Berlin and completed her formative studies in piano and harpsichord performance under teacher Wanda Landowska at the Ecole de Musique Ancienne. 

In 1933, she finished her doctorate under Besseler at the University of Heidelberg with a dissertation on the 16th-century Italian canzonetta.