Bore ‘ad ana – A Dirge for the Ninth of Av and its Geographical Distribution

“Bore ‘ad ana” (“Creator until when?”) is one of the most ubiquitous qinot (dirges) in the order of prayers for the Ninth of Av among the Sephardic and Oriental Jewish communities. The identity of the author is unknown, except his name, Binyamin (Benjamin), which is embedded in an acrostic. Consequently, the time and place of authorship are also unknown, although it is most probably a late medieval poem. A loose leaf in the Cairo Genizah contains our poem (highlighted) attesting to its pedigree:

The Influence of Choral Elements on the Formation and Development of the Piyyût Genres (Hebrew)

Ezra Fleischer

Rabbi Meir Eleazar Atiya

Moroccan-Israeli paytan, researcher and teacher

The Jewish Music Research Centre of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem mourns the passing of Rabbi Meir Eleazar Atiya on Shabbat Zakhor, March 16, 2019,  after four years of severe illness and pain. No other date could have been more symbolic for his death, as this Shabbat marks the end of the bakkashot season according to the Moroccan tradition, of which Rabbi Atiyah was one of its main representatives of the past generation.