The earlier version, entitled “Cross-Repertoire Motifs in the Liturgical Music of Ashkenazi Tradition,” was presented at the World Congress of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem, 2013. This article is an expanded and elaborated version of that paper.
The Hallel of the Hungarian Jews is divided into two parts: the first six sections are in recitative style, the next five sections are metrical, and the 12th section is again recitative. The recitatives are derived from the maqam principle, but the metrical tunes may be considered folk songs, and are influenced by other cultures.
The corpus of Judeo-Spanish ballads presents a unique case study of stability and change in oral tradition. On the one hand it is a living testimony to the jews' preservation of the Spanish Romance tradition after their expulsion from Spain in 1942; on the other, by absorbing since then so many new stylistic features, it has evolved into a genuine repertoire quite distinct from that of the late Medieval Spanish Romancero, its ancestral counterpart.