Synagogue

Edward Stark

Hazzan & composer

Edward Stark was born in 1856 in Hohenems, Austria to father Josef Stark, a local cantor and butcher. As a young boy, Edward sang in his father’s choir along with his three older brothers.

1856-1918

Bezalel Shulsinger

Cantor

Born in Uman, also know as 'Bezalel Odesser.' Served as cantor in Odessa for about thirty-five years, later moving to Jerusalem. His compositions (notated by his students) achieved great popularity and had a strong influence on synagogue music.

1779-1873

Myer Leoni

English cantor

Myer Leoni began his musical career as an opera singer in England. In 1767 he took a position as cantor of the Great Synagogue in London, but continued performing in Operas, providing they didn’t conflict with his Synagogue duties.

Leoni, along with collegue Giordani, established an English Opera company in Dublin in 1783, which due to financial difficulties only ran for a short time.

d. 1796

Samuel Naumbourg

Composer, Synagogue singer, Musicologist, French Jewish reformer of synagogue music & choirmaster

Samuel Naumbourg was born in Dennelohe, Bavaria, groomed from a young age to continue the long line of professional hazzanim in his family. He received his formal musical education in Munich where he was recruited to sing in Maier Kohn’s synagogue choir.  Naumbourg’s early appointments included a cantorial post in Besançon and a position as choirmaster of the Synagogue in Strasburg.

1817-1880

Moshe Taube

Cantor

Born in Cracow, Poland. After the holocaust, he immigrated to Palestine, where he worked as a cantor in Tel- Aviv. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1957, and officiated as cantor in New York and later in Pittsburg. Taube developed a unique style as a cantor and composed original melodies for prayers.

Sources: Encyclopedia Judaica, FAU Libraries website. Holocaust Center of Pittsburgh. 

1927-

Joseph Singer

Cantor

Born in Hilnik, Hungary, officiated as cantor in Beuthen, Nurnberg and Vienna (where he succeeded Salomon Sulzer). He published numerous studies on Jewish music and was among the first to investigate prayer chants scientifically, in an attempt to systemize the traditional prayer modes.

1841-1911

Max Spicker

Conductor, composer and teacher

Born in Köngisberg, Germany, and immigrated to the US in 1882. After settling in New York, he worked as a conductor for the Beethoven Mannerchor, served as director and instructor at the Brooklyn Conservatory, was an instructor at the National Conservatory, and served choirmaster at Temple Emanuel (1898-1910). He also worked for the publisher G. Schirmer, where he edited many musical anthologies. Spicker has written music for the synagogue, as well as choral and orchestral works.

1858-1912

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