Music in the Holocaust: Confronting Life in the Nazi Ghettos and Camps

Retrieved from: The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Research: Bibliographies Social history documenting musical life in the Warsaw and Vilna ghettos as well as prisoner choirs and orchestras in the Sachsenhausen and Auschwitz concentration camps. Includes a glossary, bibliography, index, and an appendix listing songs created or performed by Jewish prisoners.

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Hirsch Glik

Poet and partisan in the Vilna ghetto, author of famous hymn "Zog nit keynmol az du geyst dem letstn veg" (Never say that you are walking the final road).

Hirsch Glik was born in 1920 to a working class family in Vilna. Glik began writing poetry at the age of 13, and was involved throughout his adolescent years in literary circles such as Yung Vilne (Young Vilna) and its offshoot, Yungvald (Young Forest).


Yoel David Lewensohn- Strashunsky

Catnor and composer

Yoel David Lewnsohn-Strashunsky was born in Liepaja, Latvia. He worked as a cantor in Vilna (1830-1841), and achieved fame in Lithuania and Poland as a cantor and as a choir leader. In 1841 he left his family and moved to Warsaw to further his studies and career, giving concerts in Poland. In 1849, he severed his ties with his family and ended his life in an asylum. Lewensohn Became a legendary figure due to his talent and his tragic life. Several of his compositions have been preserved.